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History of Telangana

Telangana (Telugu: తెలంగాణ, Urdu: تلنگانہ) is a state in southern India. Before Indian Independence it was part of Hyderabad state (Medak and Warangal divisions) which was ruled by the Nizams. The Hyderabad state was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states, and the Telugu speaking part of Hyderabad State known as Telangana.

On June 2nd 2014, Telangana was formed as a new 29th state of India, with the city of Hyderabad as its capital. The region is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, Karnataka to the west, Chhattisgarh to the north-east and Odisha to the east. The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi) and is the twelth largest state in India, 

Telangana comprises 10 districts: Hyderabad, Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal. The main rivers are the Musi, Manjira, Krishna and Godavari, which flow through the region from west to east. Telangana's four largest cities are Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar.


On December 9, 2009, the Government of India announced that the process for the formation of Telangana will be initiated upon introduction and passage of a separation statement by the state assembly of AP.

On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved to request the Central government to form a separate state of Telangana, as the 29th state of India. The city of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of Telangana and the remainder of Andhra Pradesh for ten years.

On 3 October 2013, the Union Cabinet approved the division of the existing state of Andhra Pradesh.

On 5 December 2013, Cabinet approved the Telangana draft bill prepared by the Group of Ministers (GoM). The bill was then submitted to Parliament for a vote by both houses.

On 18 February 2014 the 15th Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) passed a resolution to create the state of Telangana, followed by the Rajya Sabha (upper house) on 20 February 2014. President Pranab Mukherjee gave assent to the bill on,     1 March 2014 and Gazette notification to this effect was published on this day.

On 4 March 2014 the Government of India declared that 2 June 2014 would be the Telangana Formation Day.

The Telangana region is beleived to have been mentioned in the Mahabharata as the Telinga Kingdom[citation needed] which said to be inhabited by the tribe known as Telavana and said to have fought on the Pandava side in the great war of Mahabharata. It is also evident from the fact that there is Pandavula Guhalu in Warangal district (where the Pandavas spent their life in exile (Lakkha Gruham).

Treta yuga, it is believed that Rama, Sita and Lakshmana, spent their life in exile at Parnashala on the banks of Godavari river which is about 25 km from Bhadrachalam in Khammam District which falls in the Telangana region.

Telangana region has been heartland for many great dynasties like Sathavahanas, Kakatiyas. Kotilingala in Karimnagar was the first capital of the Sathavahanas before Dharanikota. Excavations at Kotilingala revealed coinage of Simukha, a Satavahana emperor. Telangana came under Muslim rule in 14th century for the first time by Delhi Sultanate followed by Bahmanis, Qutb Shahis and Mughals. As the Mughal Empire began to disintegrate in the early 18th century, the Muslim Asafjahi dynasty established a separate state known as Hyderabad. Later Hyderabad entered into a treaty of subsidiary alliance with the British Empire, and was the largest and most populous princely state in India. Telangana was never under direct British rule, unlike Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions of Andhra Pradesh, which were part of British India’s Chenai (Madras) Presidency.


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